Ford’s Theatre National Historic Site (Museum, Theatre, Petersen House) and the Center for Education and Leadership will be closed to the public on Thursday, Dec. 25, 2014.
Important Lincoln Dates
February 12: Abraham Lincoln is born iat Sinking Spring Farm in Nolin Creek, KY.
October 5: Lincoln’s mother, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, dies at age 35.
December 2: Lincoln’s father remarries, to Sarah Bush Johnston.
January 20: Lincoln’s sister, Sarah Lincoln Grigsby, dies from complications of childbirth at age 21.
March 1: The Lincoln family begins their move from Indiana to Kentucky.
August 25: Ann Rutledge, who Lincoln had been courting, dies.
November 4: Lincoln marries Mary Todd in Springfield, IL.
August 1: Robert Todd Lincoln, first child of Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln, is born.
March 10: Edward Baker Lincoln (Eddie) is born to Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln.
August 3: Lincoln defeats Peter Cartwright for the Illinois seventh district seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. He will serve until 1848.
February 1: Eddie Lincoln dies of tuberculosis, one month short of his fourth birthday.
December 21: William Wallace Lincoln (Willie) is born to Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln.
January 17: Lincoln’s father, Thomas, dies at age 75.
April 4: Thomas Lincoln (Tad) is born to Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln.
May 30: President Franklin Pierce signs the Kansas-Nebraska Act, sponsored by Senator Stephen Douglas. It created the states of Kansas and Nebraska while nullifying the Missouri Compromise. Now popular Sovereignty can decide whether a state will or will not have slaves. This spurs Lincoln's abolitionist sentiment and his senatorial ambitions.
August – October: Lincoln debates Stephen Douglas during the campaign for an Illinois seat in the U.S. Senate, which Douglas wins.
November 6: Lincoln is elected President of the United States of America.
December 20: South Carolina secedes from the Union.
March 4: Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th President of the United States
April 12: Firing on Fort Sumter, SC. This is seen as the opening battle of the Civil War.
July 21: The First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), the first major battle of the Civil War. The Union loss crushed hopes of a quick end to the war.
February 20: Willie Lincoln dies of bilious fever at age 11.
August 28-30: The Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) results in another humiliating loss for the Union.
July 13: Lincoln first mentions his idea of emancipation to Secretaries William Seward and Gideon Welles.
July 22: Lincoln reads a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation at a Cabinet meeting.
September 17: The Union is victorious at the Battle of Antietam, giving Lincoln the moral boost he needs to unveil the Emancipation Proclamation.
September 22: Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation stating that on January 1, 1863, all slaves in a rebellious state will "thenceforward and forever free".
January 1: The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect.
May 2-6: The Battle of Chancellorsville results in a loss for the Union and the accidental death of Confederate General Stonewall Jackson.
July 1-3: The Battle of Gettysburg takes place, resulting in the bloodiest battle of the war as well as a Union victory. This is often seen as a turning point in the war.
November 19: Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address.
May – June: General Grant’s Overland campaign results in a siege of the Confederate capitol of Richmond.
September 2: Atlanta surrenders to Union General Sherman.
November 8: Lincoln defeats ex-General George McClellan is re-elected President.
January 31: The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery across the nation, is passed by Congress and is sent to the state legislatures for ratification.
March 4: Lincoln’s second inauguration.
April 9: General Lee surrendered to U.S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, VA.
April 14: Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theatre.
April 15: Lincoln dies in the Petersen House boarding house across the street from Ford’s Theatre.
April 26: John Wilkes Booth is found at a tobacco barn near Port Royal, VA. He is shot in the back and dies hours later.
December 6: The Thirteenth Amendment is ratified, making it part of the Constitution.
June 13: The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed by Congress and is sent to the state legislatures for ratification. It provides a broad definition of citizenship that does not exclude African Americans as well as addressing equal protection under the law for all persons.
July 9: The Fourteenth Amendment is ratified by three quarters of the state legislatures, making it part of the Constitution.
February 26: Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed by Congress and is sent to the state legislatures for ratification. It dictates that state and federal governments may not prevent a citizen from voting because of his or her race, color or previous condition of servitude (i.e. slavery).
February 3: The Fifteenth Amendment is ratified by three quarters of the state legislatures, making it part of the Constitution.
July 15: Tad Lincoln dies at age 18.
July 16: Mary Todd Lincoln dies at age 63.
February 11: The Lincoln Memorial Commission is signed into existence by President William Howard
May 30: The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated and opens to the public.
July 26: Robert Lincoln dies at age 82.
April 9: Marian Anderson performs an Easter concert for 75,000 in front of the Lincoln Memorial, after she is kept from performing at Constitution Hall because of her race.
August 28: Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivers his “I Have a Dream” speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial as part of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
December 24: The last living Lincon, Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, dies. His death marks the end of the Lincoln family line.